Warts on the hands deliver a lot of unpleasant minutes to their owner, cause constant discomfort and can cause psychological problems. Such neoplasms look extremely unaesthetic, forcing them to hide their hands and avoid close communication. Today we'll talk about the reasons for their appearance, the variety of forms and how to get rid of warts on your hands.
Why do warts appear on the hands?
Warts are neoplasms of viral etiology, usually benign. The reason for the appearance of warts on the hands is infection with different types of HPV (human papillomavirus). Infection occurs by contact, the virus infects not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes. The infection is transmitted from the carrier to a healthy person by shaking hands, using common household items and personal hygiene products (towels, washcloths). Sometimes it is enough just to hold onto a handrail, grab a doorknob, or press an elevator button for a harmful virus to enter the body through microscopic damage to the skin (a minor scratch, abrasion or wound).
For information on the causes and treatment of warts on the fingers, consult a dermatologist. Experts warn that the virus causing the characteristic growths is widespread in the environment. It reproduces especially actively in warm and humid conditions. The likelihood of contracting HPV is high among lovers of water procedures, who often visit the pool, bathhouse, sauna. Workers in poultry farms or in the production of meat and fish are at particular risk. Any microtrauma can become a gateway for the entry of the virus.
Quite often, self-infection becomes the cause of warts on the hands. Ugly growths in the periungual area appear in those who have a habit of biting their fingers or biting their nails. You can also face an unpleasant problem after visiting a nail salon, if hygiene standards are violated in it, and the tools are not thoroughly sterilized.
The incubation period lasts from 2 to 6 months, but in this case, characteristic growths may not form immediately. If a person has strong immunity, the virus goes into "sleep" mode and may not show itself for a long time. When the immune system is weakened, it "wakes up" and begins to multiply rapidly. There are a number of provoking external and internal factors that give impetus to the activation of the virus. In this list:
- recent infections;
- exacerbation of chronic pathologies;
- improper and unbalanced diet;
- hormonal disruptions;
- bad habits;
- increased sweating;
- violation of hygiene standards;
- prolonged stressful situations.
Any of these factors contributes to a decrease in the body's defenses and triggers the multiplication mechanism of viral particles. To determine from what warts appear on the hands, the dermatologist should after a diagnostic examination.
What is the danger
Warts are considered benign lesions. However, they can cause significant discomfort, as they tend to grow and spread quickly. For example, growths from the back of the hand can spread to the fingers, increase in size, and form multiple groups.
The danger arises from accidental injury to warts or unsuccessful attempts to cauterize them with aggressive solutions. The damaged tumor can bleed, hurt, change color, size and shape. And this is already a serious cause for concern, since the risk of malignant transformation increases.
You can find out more about the causes and treatment of finger warts at your dermatologist's appointment. Warts on the fingers - the causes and treatment of this pathology is dealt with by a dermatologist. Only a specialist knows how to cope with the problem and what needs to be done to get rid of neoplasms forever. Do not self-medicate - this can lead to unpredictable consequences. Timely seeking medical help will help resolve a delicate issue, avoid further spread of the virus and the formation of new warts.
Types of warts on the hands
There are more than a hundred types of warts, which are caused by various modifications of HPV. What do warts on your hands look like? Photos of various types of neoplasms are presented on our website.
The following types of neoplasms are localized on the skin and fingers:
Simple warts appear as dense, rounded, irregularly shaped nodules with a rough surface. They can be of different colors (from flesh to dark brown), size and located in any part of the body (on the face, neck, head, legs, torso). In the area of the upper extremities, growths are most often formed on the back of the hand and fingers. A photo of warts on the hands gives a more complete picture of their structure and appearance.
Such neoplasms tend to merge. First, a large "maternal" wart appears on the skin, around which smaller formations form over time. If you remove it, then the rest of the growths can disappear on their own. Vulgar warts are painless, do not cause much discomfort (except for aesthetic).
A wart on the finger next to the nail plate can appear if the skin is injured during a manicure. But more often, such growths are formed in children and adolescents who bite their nails. Nail warts are quite large and cause discomfort when writing or doing physical work. They have deep roots that invade the layers of the dermis under the nail bed. As a result, the nail becomes thinner and gradually deteriorates. The warts themselves look extremely unaesthetic, they are easy to damage, which threatens with unwanted complications. In addition, the growths on the fingers are visible to others and are perceived as a cosmetic defect.
A dermatologist will tell you how to remove a wart on a finger. Most often, experts advise removing such formations. A person with warts on their hands poses a threat to the people around them - from him you can get the virus on contact.
Such formations are a type of flat warts. More common in young people and elderly patients. They are formed in the area of constant mechanical stress and the greatest pressure. Flat warts on the hands look like dense growths covered with a thick stratum corneum, rising slightly above the skin. They have a smooth surface, without irregularities and roughness and deep roots extending into the dermis. The formation of growths may be accompanied by mild itching. Palmar growths are single, or grow, forming a kind of "mosaic" in the affected area.
The reason for the formation is the penetration of the papilloma virus. The transmission of the pathogen occurs when shaking hands, or when it comes into contact with an infected surface. Treatment of warts on the palm, overgrown in large groups, presents certain difficulties. Such neoplasms are prone to relapses, in addition, they can be painful and unpleasant when performing physical work. Their spread is facilitated by increased sweating and neglect of personal hygiene standards.
Flat warts can be confused with corns, so a correct diagnosis is important for effective treatment. Based on the results of the examination, the doctor will decide how to get rid of flat warts on the hands and what methods of therapy will help to avoid further spread of the virus.
Senile warts or age-related keratomas appear in older and elderly people (after 50 years). They look like keratinized pigmented plaques, the diameter of which can reach several centimeters. The shape of such formations is flat or convex, the structure is loose, since the tissues are saturated with secretions of the sebaceous glands. When scraping, the top layer is easily separated, leaving a bleeding, inflamed surface under it.
Unlike other neoplasms, the appearance of senile keratomas has nothing to do with the papilloma virus. The growths are formed due to the uncontrolled growth of the surface layers of the epidermis. Therefore, you cannot become infected with senile warts. The main cause of keratomas is considered to be prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays and age-related changes.
First, a spot is formed on the surface of the skin, which practically does not differ from the color of the skin. Gradually, it grows, acquires a brown tint and rises above the skin. The appearance of such papules resembles a thimble with grooves at the top. With further growth, the formation takes on a characteristic plaque shape and is covered with a stratum corneum. Under the loose scales, multiple brushes are hidden, which are formed as a result of blockage of hair follicles.
The main place of localization of senile growths is open parts of the body (face, neck, hands). Most often, multiple plaques form on the back of the hand. They are characterized by long-term development, in isolated cases such formations disappear on their own. In other situations, a keratoma can transform into a cutaneous horn - a painful cone-shaped outgrowth.
How to treat warts, the formation of which is not associated with papillomavirus? Senile keratomas can be large in diameter or form large groups of small warts. Convex formations are easily damaged, which increases the risk of malignancy. These warts can develop into basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, it is necessary to control any changes that occur with the neoplasm.
A dermatologist knows how to treat warts on the hands. If you find suspicious formations that quickly increase in size, change color, hurt or bleed, you should consult a specialist as soon as possible. Doubtful growths must be removed with subsequent histological examination of the material.
An experienced doctor can make a preliminary diagnosis based on the appearance of the wart. Visual examination is complemented by dermatoscopy - the study of a neoplasm using a special magnifying device. Under high magnification, the structure of the growth and characteristic features are clearly visible, which make it possible to differentiate it from other formations (pigmented nevi, papillomas, seborrheic keratoma). A blood test for PCR will help to confirm the viral nature of the neoplasms.
If you suspect a malignant transformation, an oncologist's consultation is necessary. The patient is referred for an ultrasound and siascopy procedure, during which the formation is scanned with a special spectrophotometric apparatus. After the diagnosis is made, the doctor selects a treatment regimen or decides how to get rid of a wart on a finger, hand or other area of the upper limbs in a more radical way.
Warts on the hands: treatment
The formation of warts is closely related to a decrease in immunity, therefore, therapy should be comprehensive, aimed at eliminating the main problems. It is necessary not only to block the multiplication of the virus, to remove growths, but also to restore the functions of the immune system in order to prevent repeated relapses. The essence of treatment procedures is the use of antiviral medications, aggressive agents or hardware techniques that remove warts.
Treatment of warts and papillomas with medicines
When treating warts of a viral nature, the following groups of drugs are used:
- antiviral drugs in the form of pills or injections;
- immunomodulatory drugs that restore the functions of the immune system;
- multivitamin complexes.
Antiviral agents for external treatment must be included in the complex treatment. The components of such drugs quickly penetrate the skin and stop the virus from multiplying. The dosage of drugs and the regimen of administration is determined by the doctor, taking into account possible contraindications, the type of virus, the prevalence of neoplasms and other nuances. Senile keratomas are treated with surgery, cryotherapy, or electrocoagulation.
The most popular are remedies for warts on the hands containing aggressive chemicals that cauterize and mummify the wart tissue. After consulting a doctor at home, you can use the following drugs:
Solution with celandine
It is an alkali solution designed to remove warts, calluses or papillomas. The mechanism of action consists in the destruction of the structure of the neoplasm along with the root, due to which it dies off. Instructions for use for warts are simple - you need to apply the solution to the growth, previously steamed in hot water, with a special applicator. It is recommended to lubricate the skin around with petroleum jelly or baby cream to protect against chemical burns. The fact that the drug is working will be indicated by a burning sensation. Processing must be carried out pointwise, within 3-5 days. Darkening of the treated area indicates necrotization of the build-up tissue. Within a week, the wart will die off and fall off on its own.
Before using medicines, you should carefully read the instructions to avoid unwanted complications.
There are several effective home cryotherapy drugs available. The essence of the method is to freeze the tissues of the wart with their subsequent necrotization. With their help, it is possible to get rid of medium-sized vulgar warts. To remove the neoplasm, you need to apply the drug pointwise and let it dry completely. The treated area will turn white, with an accompanying slight burning sensation. Soon, the skin in the treated area will turn red and a blister will form at the site of the wart. It will take 10 to 14 days to completely eliminate the build-up. During this time, the wart, along with the root, will die off and fall off, and renewed skin will remain in its place.
Treatment of warts on the fingers and other parts of the upper limbs using radical methods is considered the most effective. Consider the popular ways:
This is a method of removing neoplasms with high-frequency current, during which the tissues of the warts are burned out. Radiation seals the blood vessels at the same time, which eliminates the risk of bleeding and infection. A wound remains at the site of the wart, which soon becomes covered with a crust. This method is best for removing small growths.
The disadvantages of electrocoagulation are the likelihood of scar formation and the inability to send the tissue growth for histological examination. This method is well suited for the removal of senile keratomas. To avoid re-formation of the build-up, at the end of the procedure, the base of the wart is cauterized.
The essence of this method is to freeze neoplasm tissues with liquid nitrogen. It does not give a 100% guarantee of the absence of subsequent relapses, therefore, after removing the frozen wart, curettage is necessary - the wound is cleaned of the remnants of necrotic masses, trying to remove the deep root. The procedure is quite effective, uncomplicated and inexpensive, it allows the removal of growths on any part of the body. Among the disadvantages of the method, experts note the possibility of damage to healthy tissues in case of accidental contact with liquid nitrogen.
This is one of the most modern, comfortable and safe procedures that guarantees the absence of relapses and unwanted complications. During the session, the laser beam evaporates the pathological tissues layer by layer, penetrating to a strictly specified depth. Precise instrumentation provides targeted action, which eliminates the likelihood of damage to healthy skin. This is a bloodless procedure - laser treatment coagulates blood vessels and at the same time disinfects the surgical field.
The main advantages of the method are the absence of complications and relapses, and a short rehabilitation period. If you are deciding how to remove a wart on a finger with maximum efficiency and painlessness, choose this method. The use of a laser guarantees the absence of scars and prevents further spread of the infection. A small crust remains at the site of the removed wart, which will fall off on its own after 7-10 days.
Radio wave surgery
This is the newest way of non-invasive surgery. It is absolutely painless and fast - it gets rid of a build-up in just a few minutes. At the same time, it excludes the development of bleeding, the likelihood of infection and related complications. The energy of high-frequency radio waves instantly evaporates tissue, while simultaneously cauterizing the capillaries. In this case, there is no direct contact of the electrode with the skin surface. The impact is carried out at a strictly specified depth, adjacent healthy tissues are not damaged. The use of a radio knife allows you to avoid relapses, since it does not allow the spread of infection by the hematogenous route.
The classic surgical intervention for excision of the wart is resorted to when it is necessary to remove an extensive group of pathological neoplasms. The growths are excised under local anesthesia, with cosmetic sutures applied to the wounds. In the absence of complications, they are removed after 10 days. The removed tissue must be sent for histological examination. To prevent relapses in the recovery period, general antiviral and immunostimulating therapy is carried out. The further prognosis and the risk of recurrence will depend on the state of the immune system.
The earlier treatment is started for any type of warts, the higher the likelihood of a favorable outcome. Do not waste time and self-medicate. If any neoplasms appear, you should immediately contact a dermatologist and decide on the choice of the optimal method of therapy.