Papillomavirus (HPV)

Papilloma — a benign tumor caused by HPV (the human papillomavirus) and occur on various parts of the body: under the arms, on vocal chords, genitals, eyelids, neck, bladder, on the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth.

Simple papilloma

Top 5 scary facts you should know about HPV

  1. Scientists have discovered more than 190 types of HPV. Of these, at least 13 types that cause cancer.
  2. In 2011, Australian scientists conducted a study, after which he established a relationship of breast cancer from HPV.
  3. Cervical cancer (or cervical cancer) in 100% of cases occurs on the basis of exposure to HPV.
  4. By the end of 2013, HPV vaccination was introduced in 55 countries.
  5. Today there are drugs and techniques that would have removed the virus from the body 100%.

What does this mean? At least that HPV is not harmless growths that appear on the skin. If you have a lot of warts, we recommend you to pass special survey and to be attentive to the health.

Varieties of warts. Just about more than 190 kinds

To cover and describe all types of hard. In the article we gathered the most common.

  • Ordinary (common, vulgar). Appear as round papule the size of a pinhead, as you grow, they grow, acquire rough surface. First, there is frequently 1 of the wart and around it over time, there are other years, they are becoming more. This type of warts appear on the palms, between fingers and toes, on the feet and soles, forehead, lip area and chin. Treatment is quite complicated.
  • Filiform (acrochordus). Caused 2 and 7 types of the virus that occur on the eyelids, under the Breasts, in the neck, groin, and others. Are the most common, common in women and men. In the first stage, the seal appears yellowish, after 1-4 weeks it is in the sky. Acrochordus can have an elongated or circular in shape, almost always seem to "hang" on a thin stalk. In the majority of cases occur in people with weakened immune systems, as well as those who are older than 40 years.
  • Flat. Groups are located in different parts of the body around the anus, on the genitals, on the face, back, and often flat warts occur on the cervix and on the surface of other bodies. Appearance looks like warts or large protruding moles; growths have a brown, camel or dark brown shades; "rise" below the skin's surface by about 0.5-2.5 mm.
  • Genital warts. The individual growths are sharp-end shape and a pinkish hue. Most often, warts are "merged" into one big knot, which looks like a rooster's comb or the nose of the gobbler. Genital warts are transmitted only through sexual intercourse, so often found in the cervix, the mucous membrane of the genital organs, the penis, in the urethra and in other areas. The risk of warts is their destructive nature and instantaneous spreading.
Filiform papillae

Causes. How, where and why they appear?

The natural cause of unpleasant warts and growths – HPV (the human papillomavirus). The prevalence of virusological in the human population exceeds 60 %. This means that almost every second is a potential carrier of the virus.

Ways of spreading the virus the following:

  • Sex. The virus is transmitted through sexual contact, appear on the body genital warts (they are anogenital warts).
  • Childbirth. At birth the body of the newborn "catches" a virus, and afterwards the children are warts and papillomas. Usually they can be found in a child of a few months.
  • In the home, in public transport and other public places. The virus can exist in the toilets, handrails and seats of public transport, clothing and footwear, and store the products for several days. The human body goes through injuries, wounds and cracks on the skin. Be careful when visiting the baths, pools, saunas.
  • When conducting certain procedures. For example, you can "catch" HPV shaving or hair removal.

The virus can't hide, no escape. However, there is some good news: in 90% of cases the body is able to cope with HPV. Without drugs, without injections, without surgical intervention.

Diagnosis types of papillomas

Diagnosis must include at least 7 procedures that are used for the detection of HPV in the body, determine their form, method of treatment/mitigation:

  1. Clinical examination. On the receiving specialist identified all the types of growths that are present on the patient's body. The doctor examines them and makes notes. If the detected anogenital warts, there shall be a visit to the gynecologist to inspect the condition of the cervix; men can assign the procedure of ureteroscopy.
  2. Colposcopy. Is a diagnostic examination of the female genital organs using a special device — colposcope. Normal colposcopy does not provide for the use of medication and drugs, it is not very effective. Colposcopy with the use of drugs allows to detect the virus and its symptoms. For the procedure, test with acetic acid (or Acetic Acid Test).
  3. Cytology. The classification according to the so-called PAP — smear test, which includes 5 classes. First — normal cytological picture, the fifth – a huge number of atypical cells (which can cause cancer).
  4. Histological examination. In the course of the meeting explore the deep areas of the malpighia layer for the development of the koilocyte in them.
  5. Typing of PCR. By the procedure can be used to detect certain types of virus. But there is a minus in 20% of cases, typing provides a false result (due to the fact that infection is temporary). But the study is very important in the diagnosis of virus and other diseases.
  6. Digene-test (or screening test). The procedure is used worldwide to rapidly detect high concentrations of virus in the body. Digene-test is popular, because it ensures the accuracy of the study.
  7. Polymerase chain reaction (or PCR). Allows to detect not only virus, but other sexually transmitted diseases.

How dangerous is HPV?

A tiny "wart", which appeared on your body, does not attract attention, but is fraught with great danger. Papillomas can cause a terrible disease:

  • Dysplasia of the cervix.
  • Flat papillomas
  • Cervical cancer (CC).
  • Carcinoma.
  • Cancer of the oral cavity.
  • Impotence.
  • Asthma, signs of asthma (especially in young children).
  • Cancer of the throat.
  • Lesions of mucous membranes.
  • Bowen's Disease.
  • Cancer of the oral cavity.

The wart, "located" on the forehead, on the chin or upper lip, lowers your self-esteem and attracts undue attention from others. Papilloma can grow on the inside of the shell ages, so she will be a constant sense of "mote in the eye", the beauty of the eyeballs, tingling.

"Growths" may cause aesthetic and psychological problems. But their main danger – health problems (including the cancerous and precancerous lesions).

Treatment and removal of papillomas. How is it done?

It is important to understand that there is no way that could destroy HPV. All we can do today to eliminate its manifestations (in the form of warts, papillomas and other growths on the body). They cause precancerous lesions and cancer (not HPV!). There are cases where the HPV lived in the body of the carrier 20 or 30 years, but does not manifest itself on the skin.

Total therapy with the use of antiviral drugs and immunomodulators prescribed in rare cases. Doctors prescribe these drugs if you are dealing with highlyoncogenic type of virus.

In most cases, is well manifest themselves drugs medicinal herbs, enough of them drink 1 times a year, they quickly inhibit the human papilloma virus.

For removal of the affected tissue, in official medicine, use the following methods:

  • The surgical removal. Is an extreme measure in the fight against warts and papillomas. Usually used when the lump became too large. Removal requires preparation of the patient, highly skilled doctor, using local anesthesia. After the procedure, I would insert a stitch to connect the fabrics. The skin heals in 3-4 weeks, but could stay scar/scar.
  • Electrocoagulation. The procedure, which involves the effect on the growth with electric current. You need to "cauterize" is not the whole of the affected area, and only its base. The main advantage of the procedure is that vessels carefully sealed, blood is almost none. Skin recovery occurs in 7-10 days, the risk of scar formation minimal.
  • Laser photocoagulation (laser removal). Provides the impact on the hotbed of growth with a laser beam. Laser photocoagulation is performed without anesthesia, runs a few minutes, forms on the skin a rough crust (they quickly disappear without leaving a trace). The risk of scarring is small, the procedure allows you to quickly remove the cluster of warts or warts. The only negative – the high cost of the operation.
  • Cauterization by nitrogen (cryosurgery). For the procedure required a tiny drop of liquid nitrogen which falls on the wart and instantly destroys its protein structure. Allows you to get rid of the unpleasant build-up already after 7-10 days. Cauterization by nitrogen (cryosurgery) is considered to be an affordable and effective way, but with a large lesion may require several sessions. The method is widely used in public medical institutions and private clinics, health centres and aesthetics. Only disadvantage – the risk of recurrence of the growth, if the specialist is not fully burned.
  • Genital warts
  • Radiosurgery. Is not used in all cases, produced with the use of equipment Surgitron. The method appeared not so long ago, allows you to safely and quickly remove all unpleasant growths. But for now, radiosurgery is available to few due to the high cost of equipment and great prices services.
  • Method of chemical destruction. For the procedure use the "vigorous" chemicals and acids. These compounds are applied to the surface of the warts, warts or papillomas without the use of special equipment. The method is cheap, but relatively effective.

Treatment and removal of people's ways

If you are afraid to go to the doctor if you don't have the money for expensive operations, you can try the treatment and removal of people's ways. We have selected the most effective methods of removing papillomas on their own, read them on this page: Remove warts at home.

How not to get HPV? Prevention and important information

Yet scientists are working to develop a universal cure for disease. Among preventive measures are:

  • Barrier contraception (condom). Use this method to protect themselves from HPV transmitted sexually.
  • The vaccine developed in the United States, since 2006, used to protect girls from cervical cancer caused by a virus; it is expensive.
  • Hygiene at the household level. You can live with someone-virus ferebat, but not even know it. So take care of hygiene in the home.
  • Hygiene in public places. The virus is transmitted through wounds, cracks and damage on the skin. If you have them, refrain from visiting public places (or at least protect the affected areas with patches).

I hope now you know all about HPV!