Warts on the penis: what do they look like and how to get rid of?

Warts, or papillomas, can appear on any part of the body. There is a type of benign neoplasm that affects the mucous membranes and the genital area. Warts on the penis, which cause not only aesthetic, but also pronounced physical discomfort, are becoming a serious problem. Why do papillomas appear on the genitals and how to get rid of them?

Causes of the appearance of warts on the penis

multiple warts on the penis

Warts on the penis or perineal area, scrotum, and the area around the anus are of viral origin.

Warts on the penis are the result of infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Any growths on the body are caused by the activity of this virus. It changes the structure of the infected areas, causing excessive division of epithelial cells, from which a specific growth is formed.

The danger of the HPV virus is that it is highly contagious. According to statistics, about 70% of the population is infected with different strains of the virus. Some of these strains are potentially dangerous, primarily for women, as they cause cell mutations and lead to the development of cervical cancer.

The HPV virus is transmitted from person to person through sexual and household contact. You can become infected with papillomas through personal hygiene items, towels, common utensils, even by touching the door handles. Sexual transmission is carried out through physiological fluids (semen, vaginal secretions), in which the concentration of the virus reaches its maximum.

Thus, warts on the penis pose a serious danger to a man's sexual partners.

Types of growths on the penis

Typically, the following types of warts appear on the penis:

  • papillomas;
  • condylomas;
  • flat warts.

Papillomas, also known as vulgar warts, are small balls of skin that rise above the healthy epidermis thanks to a small pedicle. They are soft, their structure is homogeneous, pressure does not cause pain or discomfort. Such a wart can be highly pigmented, often hair grows from papillomas. Papillomas do not appear on the mucous membranes. They affect the skin of the penis, inguinal folds, pubis.

Condylomas are growths of the papillary structure. They pose a serious danger to both the aesthetics of the penis and to health in general. Warts affect the skin and mucous membranes, depending on the strain of the virus that a person is infected with.

Such warts form on the head of the penis. They are small papillae with indistinct contours. Condylomas are rarely pigmented and in the overwhelming majority of cases do not differ in color from the skin or mucous membranes. These types of growths can merge into large neoplasms. Overgrown warts on the penis can take bizarre forms - "cauliflower", "cockscomb", "bunch of grapes". The growths reach large sizes, from several centimeters in diameter. There are cases when condylomas completely covered the entire head, hiding the mucous membrane underneath. Condyloma on the penis is easily distinguished from an ordinary warts, even from a photo, due to the specific contours and sizes.

Warts can lead to the development of the following problems:

  • deformation of the penis;
  • keratinization of the skin around the growth;
  • damage to the urethra;
  • pain during intercourse;
  • burning sensation when urinating.

In addition, genital warts are highly contagious. They can be injured during intercourse, which leads to burning, pain and bleeding.

Flat warts cover the shaft of the penis. They are small plaque-like growths. Such warts on the penis are not very prominent, since they are not pigmented. Flat warts form during adolescence. They are considered safe because they do not degenerate into cancer and are not conventionally contagious.

Small light-colored nodules often appear on the skin of the penis. They are mistaken for warts. Such pimples are a physiological feature and are called pearlescent papules.

Diagnostics

doctor's appointment for warts on the penis

The disease is diagnosed by a urologist, who examines the genitals for warts, and will tell you in detail how to treat warts on the penis.

Before removing warts on the penis, you should consult your doctor. The specialist you need to contact is a urologist or dermatologist-venereologist. Diagnosis is by visual examination. Additionally, you may need to do a urethral swab and a blood test for PCR. This will determine the degree of activity of the virus and its strain.

Treatment principles

Warts on the skin of the penis are treated with:

  • antiviral therapy;
  • immunomodulatory therapy;
  • mechanical removal of papillomas.

Removal is best done in a clinic, rather than home remedies, since the skin of the penis is very delicate, and improper destruction of warts can lead to the formation of deep scars and scars.

Folk remedies

Traditional medicine for the treatment of warts on the penis suggests using the following recipes.

  1. Tear off a fresh stem of celandine, rinse it and attach the cut site to the wart for 1-2 seconds. Repeat the manipulation in three days. Two treatments are usually enough to leave no trace of the papilloma.
  2. Squeeze out the juice from a few cloves of garlic, moisten a cotton swab in it and press it against the wart for 5 seconds. Repeat daily until the wart disappears completely.
  3. Mix equal proportions of onion juice, vinegar and water, treat each wart with a solution daily.

To stimulate immunity, it is proposed to use echinacea tincture. You can prepare it yourself or purchase it ready-made at the pharmacy.

Knowing how to get rid of warts on the penis using folk methods, you should take precautions. Such funds should not be applied to the head of the penis, as it can cause severe burns. To avoid scarring, traditional methods should not be used on the skin of the penis. They are better suited for removing warts on fairly rough skin, such as the pubis.

How to remove a wart on the penis with drugs?

The first thing to do when you notice warts on the penis is to strengthen the immune system. For this purpose, both general action preparations based on interferon and immunomodulators in the form of ointments are recommended.

Special ointments are applied to the body of papillomas and warty growths on the head of the penis 3-4 times a day.

If warts appear on the penis, antiviral treatment must be continued for two weeks, otherwise the person is not immune from the reappearance of growths on the skin of the genitals.

Risks of genital warts on the penis (condylomas) can be treated with medication.

Surgical methods

Having figured out how to treat warts on the penis, you should know how to get rid of them once and for all. The best option is to have the buildup removed professionally. This is done using:

  • cryodestruction;
  • laser therapy;
  • electrocoagulation.

Cryodestruction is understood as the freezing of a neoplasm with liquid nitrogen. The product is applied to the wart with a special applicator and kept for several seconds. Then the process of wart cells dying off begins, and over time it disappears. Disadvantages of the method - the risk of scars and spots on the wart site, pain after the procedure.

Laser removal is a layer-by-layer burning of the wart tissue. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.

Another effective method for removing a growth or wart on the penis is electrocautery. The method is safe and painless, but it is used only to eliminate small papillomas.

Thus, having figured out what a wart on the penis looks like, every man will be able to recognize the problem in time. It is solved quickly and painlessly, if you do not delay it and consult a doctor in time, until the virus has spread throughout the body.