Removal of papillomas with a laser

According to the World Health Organization, every fifth person in the world is a carrier of the papillomavirus (HPV), which has more than 100 strains. Small formations on the skin or mucous membranes, or papillomas, are benign tumors.

examination of papillomas on the back

There are several types of skin growths:

  • flat warts;
  • vulgar warty formations;
  • genital warts;
  • acrochords (filamentous warts);
  • papillomas of the bladder and urethra;
  • papillomatosis of the ENT organs.

Infection with papillomavirus occurs through contact with an infected person. First of all, abrasions, cuts, and scratches on the skin are infected. HPV is activated with a decrease in immunity.

Since the risk of papilloma degeneration into malignant neoplasms is high, doctors recommend removing skin growths. The most common, painless and safest method is laser removal of papillomas. This procedure is available in many medical centers and clinics in our country.

Indications

The peculiarity of the papillomavirus is that multiple neoplasms appear on the skin (most often on the neck, face, hands, in the décolleté). Most carriers of HPV, in this regard, experience psychological discomfort, therefore, the growths are removed for aesthetic reasons.

However, there are a number of reasons when doctors advise getting rid of skin growths. It is shown to remove papillomas in the following cases:

  • painful sensations and discomfort (itching, burning) in the area of the neoplasm;
  • change in the color and size of the build-up;
  • bleeding.

It is advisable to remove papillomas if they are exposed to external influences, for example, ultraviolet rays, trauma, friction, when they form in problem areas, for example, in the armpit, in the chest, etc.

Contraindications

Despite the fact that the procedure is safe, there are a number of contraindications.

You can not remove papillomas with a laser under the following conditions:

pregnancy is a contraindication to the removal of papillomas
  1. Carrying a baby. In rare cases, if there are indications for pregnant women, neoplasms are removed. This happens when she is diagnosed with genital warts. This allows you to protect the fetus from infection.
  2. Breast-feeding. During lactation in women, hormonal levels change, which can be the reason for the long healing of wounds.
  3. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or viral diseases that affect the immune system (HIV). In this case, there is a great danger of spreading the infection and slow healing of the wound surface.
  4. Epilepsy. The procedure can trigger an epileptic seizure. If an attack begins during a session, damage to the healthy epidermis is possible.
  5. A low concentration of platelets threatens bleeding, which will be difficult to stop.
  6. Cancer tumors.

The laser should not be used for colds, herpetic eruptions in the area of papillomas, with diabetes mellitus and after recent exposure to ultraviolet rays (sunburn of the skin).

In any case, the doctor can make the final decision. You cannot carry out the procedure without first consulting a dermatologist, gynecologist and other specialties, depending on the type of papillomas.

Method effectiveness

Laser removal is the safest, least traumatic and painless technique for removing skin lesions. Its effectiveness is confirmed by the following facts:

  • absence of bleeding and edema, since the laser glues blood vessels together without damaging healthy areas of the skin;
  • quick wound healing, absence of scars: after 5-7 days, not a single trace remains on the skin (it is especially important if skin growths are located on the face, eye, neck), long-term rehabilitation is not required;
  • exclusion of wound infection, since the laser does not contact the skin, ensuring sterility and having a bactericidal effect;
  • short session duration: on average, the procedure takes no more than 10 minutes, with multiple formations - a little longer;
  • lack of anesthesia: the patient feels a slight, almost painless tingling sensation;
  • once: one session is enough to remove the papillomavirus;
  • control of the penetration depth: it varies depending on the type of build-up.

This procedure has no age restrictions and provides a quick and comfortable recovery.

Among the disadvantages of the technique, the impossibility of studying the removed formation and the relatively high cost of manipulation are noted. Therefore, doctors recommend taking an analysis for tumor markers before laser removal of papillomas to make sure that the existing growth is benign.

Patient preparation

Proper preparation for laser papilloma resection guarantees the absence of complications, maximum efficiency and effectiveness.

laser papilloma removal on the leg

The following doctor's recommendations must be strictly observed two weeks before the procedure:

  • do not visit the solarium;
  • avoid exposure to ultraviolet rays: do not sunbathe when going outside, lubricate the area where you plan to use laser exposure with sunscreen;
  • do not do peeling and other cosmetic procedures;
  • limit contact with detergents.

Before the operation to remove papillomas with a laser, a number of medical examinations are also required:

  • general blood analysis;
  • research for HIV infection, hepatitis, PED (diagnosis of syphilis);
  • biopsy of skin neoplasm tissues in order to clarify its nature (benign / malignant).

If necessary, the doctor can refer you to an oncologist for a consultation and prescribe additional studies.

Operation process

Laser removal surgery refers to minimally invasive surgery, therefore it is performed on an outpatient basis (in a polyclinic).

To carry out such manipulations, doctors use a carbon dioxide, holmium or infrared laser with a simple or pulsed (fractional) beam generation. To remove papillomas in closed areas of the body (in the groin, perineum, armpits, etc. ), simple radiation is used. On the face, neck, eyelids, arms, chest - fractional, not affecting the deep layers of the epidermis, due to which the maximum cosmetic effect is guaranteed (no scars).

Operation algorithm:

  1. Before the procedure, the doctor applies a cream to the neoplasm, which has a mild analgesic effect.
  2. Then the device directs the laser beam to the epidermis.
  3. Fractional carbon dioxide seals off the blood vessels. It happens as follows: the cells that make up the papillomas are 75% water. Under the influence of a laser, water from cells evaporates, harmful cells are destroyed, all layers of HPV are gradually removed. In addition, there is an automatic disinfection of the treated area, which prevents the formation of bleeding and complications, skin regeneration.
  4. At the end of the session, the doctor applies a sterile bandage or a bactericidal patch and lets the patient go home.

The duration of the session is short and depends on the complexity, size of the neoplasms and the area of the affected area. It lasts from 10 to 40 minutes. Complex cases require repeated repetition of the procedure. In this case, at least two weeks should pass between manipulations.

Recovery period

One of the advantages of laser removal of papillomas is quick wound healing. The recovery period will not take more than a week. The main condition for early rehabilitation is the elimination of friction and irritation in the area where fractional carbon dioxide affected the skin.

removal of papilloma on the face before and after

Expert advice will help to avoid complications and speed up the healing process:

  • carry out the treatment with external agents prescribed by the attending physician;
  • do not wet the affected skin for 2-3 days;
  • avoid exposure to sunlight and do not sunbathe for a month (it is better to carry out the procedure in the cold season, when the sun is inactive);
  • do not overcool;
  • refuse to visit the sauna, pool, bath for at least 2 weeks;
  • do not peel off the crust that forms at the site of removal, it will fall off by itself in a week.

Improper care or lack of it will lead to infection of the wound, as a result of which scars and scars may remain.

Laser removal of papillomas is a modern method of minimally invasive surgery, which in 98% of cases guarantees a good result and quick recovery. In order not to get into the 2% risk, you need to trust only qualified specialists who are licensed to carry out such procedures and positive customer reviews.

It should be understood that clinics that specialize in laser removal of benign skin lesions offer expensive services. After all, this manipulation is rather complicated. The price for it depends on the size, the number of papillomas, the HPV lesion area and increases when it comes to the advanced stage of the papillomavirus.

Timely appeal for medical help is a guarantor of good health, 100% getting rid of infection without serious consequences.